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Coronavirus-Proven Steps To Staying Safe And Preventing Infection

Coronavirus Recommendations: COVID-19 disease symptoms

Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations

 Coronavirus Recommendations

What is coronavirus? What are the Coronavirus Recommendations?. There was a cluster of pneumonia cases in China in December 2019. Investigations found that it was caused by a previously unknown virus.
Now named the 2019 novel coronavirus. We'll take a quick look at what's currently known about the virus. Keep in mind that this is a new virus. And what's known about the virus now might change in the future.
Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses. They consist of a core of genetic material surrounded by an envelope with protein spikes. This gives it the appearance of a crown and Latin is called Corona. And that's how these viruses get their name.

There are different types of coronaviruses.

1.Respiratory symptoms. 2.Gastrointestinal symptoms.
Respiratory disease can range from the common cold to pneumonia. And in most people, the symptoms tend to be mild. However, some types of coronaviruses can cause severe disease.
coronavirus china- These include the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. First identified in China in 2003. And the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012.

Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations
The 2019 novel coronavirus was first identified in Wuhan city in China. It initially occurred in a group of people with pneumonia. Who'd been associated with a seafood and live animal market in the city of Wuhan?
The disease has since spread from those who were sick to others including family members and health care staff. There are many cases at present and the disease has spread within China. And also to several other countries.

So where did the coronavirus come from

Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations
It's known that corona viruses circulate in a range of animals. Sometimes these viruses can make the jump from animals to humans. This is called a spillover and could be due to a range of factors such as mutations in the virus or increased contact between humans and animals.
For example, murska v is known to be transmitted from camels and Tsarskoe V from civet cats; the animal reservoir of the 2019 novel coronavirus is not known yet.

How is it transmitted?

Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations
coronavirus transmission-The exact mix of how the virus is transmitted is yet to be determined. In general, Respiratory viruses are usually transmitted through droplets created. When an infected person coughs or sneezes or through something that has been contaminated with the virus.
People most at risk of infection from the novel coronavirus are those in close contact with animals. Such as live animal market workers. And those who are caring for people infected with the virus such as family members or healthcare workers.

So how does the disease present?

what is known so far, there can be several symptoms ranging from mild to severe. There can be fever and respiratory symptoms such as coughing shortness of breath. In more severe cases there's been pneumonia, kidney failure, and death. The mortality rate is not known yet.

How can we tell whether someone is infected?

Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations

Coronavirus Recommendations: How do we prevent transmission of the virus?

coronavirus prevention- The infection can be diagnosed by a test called PCR or polymerase chain reaction. This test identifies the virus based on its genetic fingerprint. There is currently no specific medication for the virus and treatment is supportive care. There's currently no vaccine to protect against the virus. Treatment and vaccines are in development.
Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations
This new virus currently has a limited geographic spread. However, many standard hygiene
practices have been recommended to protect against infection and further spread. These include covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing with a medical mask tissue or flexed elbow.
Avoiding close contact with those who are unwell. The appropriate use of masks and personal protective equipment. especially in a healthcare setting washing hands regularly with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub.
Actions that can be taken to prevent infection from an animal source include avoiding unnecessary unprotected contact with animals. Washing hands after contact with animals or animal products and ensuring that animal products are cooked thoroughly before they're
It's important to stay home if you're feeling unwell. But if you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early. And share your previous travel history with your healthcare provider.
That's a quick look at this emerging infectious disease. Given that this outbreak is evolving rapidly what's know about this virus can change

Coronavirus Recommendations
Coronavirus Recommendations

Antibodies: what is coronavirus?

First one to talk a little bit about antibodies and how they're made. So you have these b-cell and they each have different receptors on these b-cells.
These b-cells are made to do one thing really and that is to make antibodies. These receptors on the cells are there to receive any type of antigen that you might come in contact with an antigen could be a protein of a virus or approaching of a bacteria etc etc
What is really quite amazing is that you have so many different types of receptors on millions and millions of b-cells that just about any kind of foreign protein that gets introduced into your body will make a b-cell against that.
So here we can see that each b-cell has a different antigen receptor and the antigen receptors of only one b-cell will combine with that antigen so if you have a virus. That virus is going to stimulate its particular b-cell. And it will activate and it will get help from t-cells cytokines. And it will cause this cell to divide and rapidly enlarge into a huge clonal representation of that b-cell. So you have thousands of millions of these b-cells. And all these b-cells do is they produce antibodies. And these antibodies go out and attack cells

.Why is there no coronavirus vaccine?

That has the virus in it or the virus itself. And finally when the action is done. Then this b-cells just kind of go away but there's always a certain amount of a population of these b-cells ready to strike again if that virus comes again.
And this is typically how it works with a particular virus. So if you get a vaccine against the virus-like polio if you get a vaccine against the virus-like the hepatitis B virus. That vaccine goes through the same way here you get an antigen stimulating a b-cell of course when we give a vaccine in some of the cases we give a vaccine.
 That has just the protein without the virus so you don't get the actual disease. And that causes your b-cells to make a lot of these antibodies in preparation for if you ever were to be infected with that virus. you'll be ready to make an immune response. Of course sometimes what happens is the virus may mutate. 
 And so that the proteins are different enough that the antibodies that you have against those proteins may not be as effective. And this is kind of what happens with colds you might get multiple colds in a year and it's possibly because while it could be a different virus a rhinovirus versus a regular coronavirus or it could be a rhinovirus that's mutated enough so that the former immunization that you got against the virus is no longer effective because it's mutated.

 Coronavirus Recommendations: Coronavirus update

 So we do know quite a bit about the risks of COVID. 80% never become symptomatic. 20% do become symptomatic and of that 20 % who are symptomatic, Many of them are hospitalized and about 15 to 20 percent end up being seriously ill. The ones who are most at risk then of becoming seriously ill or dying are those who are older, meaning over 60. And the older you are, the higher the risk.

 coronavirus Noticias & Coronavirus Recommendations

coronavirus precautions:-Those individuals who have underlying diseases - diabetes, severe lung disease, heart disease, kidney disease - those people are at higher risk of having serious consequences of COVID. We've seen very few cases in children. They appear in general to have mild disease.
 So the answer is older individuals are at higher risk of many respiratory infections including influenza and other respiratory illnesses. So certainly if you have a parent, grandparent, great grandparent, and you are ill-meaning with respiratory symptoms, fever, shortness of breath, cough - then you should not visit.
 Older people, particularly if they are frail enough to be in a nursing home you should wait till you are, your disease has resolved before you visit them. Turning it around, what can the older persons do themselves?
 Again, particularly those that are frail with multiple other underlying medical problems should obviously screen people before they come to visit, certainly asking your children, your friends, please don't visit if you're ill.

 Coronavirus recommendations and prevention

coronavirus prevention:- particularly if we start seeing community acquisition, meaning cases in the community that are acquired and we don't know about, then to the extent possible they should try and avoid situations where they're sitting for long periods with many people around them.
 Some Coronavirus Recommendations as things like movie houses would be an example and they should obviously try and see smaller groups of people and not into large groups of individuals. Obviously, if they see someone near them who's coughing, sneezing, and particularly not using a tissue while they're shopping, they should move more than six feet away. 
It is true for droplet spread diseases, you know the official guidance is three to six feet. I'm being conservative, stay six feet apart. But that's about as far as the droplets go. Now we have some true airborne diseases, which COVID is not an airborne disease, but they would include things like chickenpox, tuberculosis, for instance, measles, all of those can be transmitted over many different feet.

 Coronavirus Recommendations:  Don't spread coronavirus

But COVID is not like that. COVID is only transmitted by a maximum of six feet as far as we know. It's a respiratory disease. These tend to peak in anywhere from early or mid-fall to early spring, so as we go into spring and then into summer. 
The number of respiratory infections from COVID as well as from other respiratory viruses like influenza will go down quite a bit. Although I can't guarantee that for COVID because all of us, most of us are susceptible. 
And I do expect, again just my personal opinion, that next year when we have our respiratory season in the winter we will see COVID peak, and then after that, It'll just become a circulating, less common than flu, but circulating respiratory infectious disease.

  Coronavirus Recommendations: coronavirus cure

We need to save the masks for the people most at risk. There are certainly some groups of patients that should be wearing a mask, particularly when they're in social gatherings. Certainly, a cystic fibrosis patient, if they might be near other cystic fibrosis patients, should be wearing a mask because they can transmit pathogens. 
Or highly immunocompromised patients who have undergone a bone marrow or recent organ transplant, heart, or lung, certainly based on their physician's advice. If they're in groups a mask is very reasonable. So there are certain groups of patients who should be wearing a mask. Coronavirus Recommendations. Should everybody else be wearing a mask while they're walking around the street, going to the supermarket? 
The answer is no because we do need to conserve the masks, save the masks for our patients and other friends who need it for more serious medical problems, and for our health care providers when they're close to a potentially infectious patient.


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